Ferrari F1/87/88C Scuderia Ferrari #28 Gerhard Berger 1988

Discussion in 'Cars' started by JASON_ROCKS1998, Jan 19, 2016.

  1. JR98

    JR98 Premium

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    The Ferrari F1/87 is a Formula 1 car used by the Scuderia Ferrari team during the 1987 Formula 1 World Championship. Former ATS and RAM designer, Gustav Brannar, designed the all new Ferrari F1/87 with assistance from the teams new Technical Director John Branard who had joined Ferrari after six highly successful years at McLaren where he was responsible for the McLaren MP4/2 and the turbocharged TAG-Porsche engine which had won the 1984, 1985 & 1986 Drivers' Championships and the 1984 and 1985 Constructors Championships. Barnard later told that had he been in charge of designing the car from the start (design had started in 1986 while he was still at McLaren), that he would have come up with a different looking car. However, as he did arrive after construction had already started he could not change the design without considerable expense and loss of time.

    The F1/87 was much sleeker looking than its predecessor despite no reduction in fuel tank size for 1987. It featured a six speed gearbox and an all-new 90° 1.5 litre turbocharged V6 engine called the Tipo 033 which replaced the old 120° V6 Tipo 032 which had been in use since 1981. Power for the new engine, which had to be fitted (as were all turbo engines) with the FIA's controversial pop-off valves which restricted turbo boost to 4.0 Bar, was rated at approximately 950 bhp for qualifying and 880 bhp for races.

    For 1988, the car was updated to conform to the new regulations and renamed the F1/87/88C. The car also featured new front and rear wings and a slightly lower engine cover due to the reduction in the fuel tank limit from 195 to 150 litres. Gerhard Berger finished fifth in the driver's championship with Ferrari finishing second to McLaren in the Constructors Championship. The F1/87/88C scored one pole position at the British Grand Prix at Silverstone and one victory at the Italian Grand Prix in Monza.

    Although it was one of the most powerful cars of the 1988 field at around 650 hp, the F1/87/88C's biggest problem was fuel consumption compared to the rival Honda engines used by McLaren. Ferrari, unlike Honda who had built a completely new V6 engine to cope with both the reduced fuel limit of 150 litres and the lower turbo limit of 2.5 bar, had only updated 1987's Tipo 033 V6 engine (dubbed Tipo 033A in 1988).

    This was clearly shown at the British GP. Pole sitter Berger led for the field together with McLaren's Ayrton Senna building up a large cushion over the rest of the field before being forced to back off to conserve fuel (when Senna passed him on lap 14, Berger's fuel readout already showed him he would run out at least 5 laps before race end). While Senna went on to a comfortable win in very wet conditions Berger was forced to drive slower and slower. On the straight during qualifying, Berger had been timed at 195 mph. Despite dropping turbo boost to its lowest possible setting, cutting back on engine revs and short shifting, Berger still ran out of fuel coming out of the Woodcote Chicane on the last lap. As a result he fell from 5th to 9th. Alboreto, who had not been running at Berger's pace, had already run out of fuel 3 laps from the finish.

    Both Berger and Alboreto being forced to back off because of fuel consumption problems were a feature of the teams 1988 season, although the problem seemed to have been righted to some extent before the team's surprise 1-2 at Monza.

    Early in the season, the team's Technical Director John Barnard had recommended to the team's engineers that to improve fuel consumption they reduce the Tipo 033A's RPM's by 1,000 and re-map the engine to compensate for the loss in power. Unfortunately, Barnard's relationship with the team was strained as he didn't work out of the factory in Maranello as was traditional, but instead worked at the Ferrari Technical Office he had set up in Guildford in England. Barnard did this so as to be able to work away from the distractions of the factory (and reportedly to be away from the Ferrari loving Italian press who were also notoriously quick to condemn failures, of which there were many in the early days of his radical 1989 car). After joining the team in 1987 he had also banned wine from the teams lunch table at both testing and races, a move which proved unpopular with Ferrari's mostly Italian mechanics. Consequently his advice on the engine was ignored and the team continued to struggle on fuel consumption (this was despite his past history in developing the formidable TAG-Porsche engine formerly used by McLaren). It was not until before the German Grand Prix that changes were made to the engines which happened to match Barnard's original suggestions. Predictably the result of the changes was better fuel economy without power loss, though the Ferrari V6 was still thirstier than the Honda's.

    During the 1988 season, Berger's #28 Ferrari reportedly speed trapped the fastest of all 1988 cars when he was clocked at 204 mph in practice for the German Grand Prix at the old Hockenheim circuit. This compared to the McLaren-Honda's recorded top speed of 199 mph at the same meeting, though this is disputed as the BBC's Murray Walker stated during the race telecast that the McLarens actually trapped at 209 mph in qualifying.

    After taking pole at Silverstone, Berger put his achievement into perspective, stating that the ultra-fast circuit suited the Ferrari with its emphasis on outright top end horsepower and not so much on acceleration. He correctly predicted that at Hockenheim the McLarens would be back on top, which proved correct despite the Ferrari's speed on the straights (in Germany, the circuit's Stadium section and the three chicanes breaking up the straights was where the Ferrari's lost some 1.5 seconds per lap to the McLarens). The Tipo 033A engine, while having good top end power, suffered from poor throttle response and a lack of low end power compared to the Honda's.

    Technical specifications
    • Body: Open Cockpit Formula Racing Car
    • Length: N/A
    • Width: N/A
    • Height: N/A
    • Weight: 540KG
    • Wheelbase: 2800 mm
    • Engine: Ferrari "Tipo 033A" 1.5 V6
    • Aspiration: Twin Turbocharged
    • Power: 650HP
    • Torque: N/A
    • Drive: Mid Engine Rear Wheel Drive
    • Transmission/Gearbox: 6 Speed Manual
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    Last edited: Jan 19, 2016
  2. VettelFan05

    VettelFan05

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    And then in the Italy Edition from 1988 :)